L’església en transició (1971-1980). De la Transició de l’Església a la Transició política. El paper de la jerarquia catalana.

Tesis doctoral

Resumen

The aim of this thesis is to study the transition period of the Spanish and Catalan Church and how it influenced the subsequent political transition. It is important to consider that the basis of this study is the ecclesiastic hierarchy, above all the Catalan hierarchy between the years 1970 and 1980. I start with a brief bibliographic summary of the bishops who held the different Catalan dioceses in the seventies, pointing out the exceptional fact that almost all of them spoke Catalan and were born in the Catalan Countries. After that, I develop the subject of the Joint Assembly (Assemblea Conjunta) and I explain the difficulties gone through to re-establish the Generalitat (the government of the autonomous community of Catalonia). I started my research work with the Joint Assembly, because it is there where we can say that the ecclesiastic transition started, since in this Assembly people dealt with subjects and controversies which had never been dealt with during the Franco period. I also explain how this Assembly was organised in Catalonia, its problems and its achievements. Next, I study the impact of the document “The Church and the Political Community”, which was very important in the relationship between the Church and the State. We have to take into account that the document represents the attempt of the ecclesiastic community to separate from the temporal political power, with which it had always been closely related. I also analyse the consequences that this transition had for the Franco government and the attempts carried out by this government to avoid its effects. In addition I do some research on the Church internal problems, the new education law and how the Church reacted to it, and the Catalanisation process in the ecclesiastic community of Catalonia. Carrero Blanco’s death and burial contributed to deteriorate the already bad relationship existing between Church and State leaders. Besides, it represented the beginning of the regime’s decline. The Episcopal Conference was well aware of this decline and therefore insisted on moving away from the political power. With reference to Arias Navarro’s government I deal with two subjects. On the one hand the Añoveros affair and on the other hand the reconciliation document. The Añoveros affair represented the highest tension moments between the government and the ecclesiastic hierarchy. This fact had a great impact in Catalonia where an important part of the Catalan Church agreed and felt identified with the subject of Añoveros’ polemic homily. The reconciliation, central subject of the Holy Year, was welcomed by the ecclesiastic hierarchy, because this one wanted all the Spanish people to come to an agreement, no matter what their ideas were. The thoughts and ideas discussed during the reconciliation process were ideas from people contrary to the political regime, but this one had no longer the strength to stop criticisms. Franco’s death and burial represented the start of the political transition. The changes that it brought about were welcomed by the Church, with the exception of some small nostalgic groups. In this part I comment the consequences of the political reform, the first elections, the Constitution (law), the first laws and among them the most polemic law: the divorce law. During all these changes, the Church was neutral and did not give support to any political parties, but it did give some advice and directions to the Catholic Christians about moral aspects. Finally, I analyse the process of the Catalan Autonomy, its consequences for the Catalan Church and the difference of opinions between the Catalan and the Spanish Church.
Fecha de lectura2 dic 2013
Idioma originalCatalán
SupervisorJordi Figuerola Garreta (Director/a)

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