Supervised Machine Learning Algorithms to Discriminate Two Similar Marble Varieties, a Case Study

Lluís Casas Duocastella, Anna Anglisano, Berta Pedreño Vírseda, Ignasi Queralt

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Resumen

A multi-analytical approach is usually applied in provenance studies of archaeological marbles. However, for very similar marble varieties, additional techniques and approaches are required. This paper uses a case study to illustrate this with two Catalan marble districts (Gualba and Ceret) and three sets of archaeological marbles. The common multi-method approach is unable to discriminate between the two districts, and such distinction is only partially glimpsed using unsupervised multivariate data analyses on a transformed geochemical dataset of reference samples. In contrast, several supervised classification models have been successfully trained to discriminate between the quarries without any special data transformation. All the trained models agree to assign the three sets of archaeological samples to the Gualba quarry district. Additional outcomes of the paper are a comprehensive archaeometric characterization of the little-known marbles of Gualba and Ceret and the first archaeometrically supported evidence of the use of Gualba marble during Roman and Medieval times.
Idioma originalInglés
PublicaciónMinerals
Volumen13
N.º7
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2023

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