Roles of Na+/K+-dependent ATPase, Na+/H+ antiporter and GLUT hexose transporters in the cryosurvival of dog spermatozoa: effects on viability, acrosome state and motile sperm subpopulation structure

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Resumen

To assess the roles of Na+/K+-dependent ATPase, Na+/H+ antiporter and GLUT hexose transporters in the cryosurvival of dog sperm, semen samples were frozen in a standard freezing medium supplemented with the specific inhibitors of these factors ouabain, amiloride or phloretin, respectively. The presence of ouabain did not counteract the effects of freeze-thawing on the percentages of motile sperm and altered acrosomes, although a small recovery effect was observed in motility parameter means. Amiloride had a similar effect, although motility was more intensely recovered. Phloretin significantly (P < 0.05) impaired viability when added at a maximal concentration of 10-4 M (57.3 ± 5.1% vs 76.5 ± 5.7% in cells frozen without inhibitors), although partial recovery of motility parameters was also observed. These effects were accompanied with specific changes in both motility parameters and the percentages of motile sperm in each of the 4 subpopulations comprising the motile sperm population of the ejaculate. Our findings indicate a role for Na+/K+-dependent ATPase and Na+/H+ antiporter in the mechanisms involved in determining specific sperm motility patterns in response to freeze-thawing, although neither pump seems to be important for the resistance of cell membrane structures to freezing-thawing. In addition, a role for GLUTs in regulating water exchange in dog sperm during freeze-thawing seems unlikely. In contrast, the precise structure of dog sperm in terms of its motile subpopulations was found to condition both cryosurvival and sperm cell sensitivity to the inhibitors used. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.
Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)1669- 1681
PublicaciónTheriogenology
Volumen75
N.º9
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 ene 2011

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