Restrictive diets are unnecessary for colonoscopy : Non-inferiority randomized trial

Xavier Calvet Calvo, Salvador Tarek Machlab Machlab, Eva Martínez-Bauer, Pilar López López, Pablo Ruiz-Ramirez, Bárbara Gómez, Antonio Z. Gimeno-Garcia, María del Mar Pujals, Sara Tanco, Lluïsa Sargatal, Betty Pérez, Reyes Justicia, Mónica Enguita, Núria Piqué, Rafael Campo Fernández de los Rios

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículoInvestigaciónrevisión exhaustiva


Background and study aims In colonoscopy, preparation is often regarded as the most burdensome part of the intervention. Traditionally, specific diets have been recommended, but the evidence to support this policy is insufficient. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the decision not to follow a restrictive diet on bowel preparation and colonoscopy outcomes. Patients and methods This was a multicenter, controlled, non-inferiority randomized trial with FIT-positive screening colonoscopy. The subjects were assigned to follow the current standard (1-day low residue diet [LRD]) or a liberal diet. The allocation was balanced for the risk of inadequate cleansing using the Dik et al. score. All participants received the same instructions for morning colonoscopy preparation. The primary outcome was the rate of adequate preparations as defined by the Boston Bowel Preparation Scale. Secondary outcomes included tolerability and measures of colonoscopy performance and quality. Results A total of 582 subjects were randomized. Of these, 278 who received the liberal diet and 275 who received the 1-day LRD were included in the intent-to-treat analysis. Non-inferiority was demonstrated with adequate preparation rates of 97.8% in the 1-day LRD and 96.4% in the liberal diet group. Tolerability was higher with the liberal diet (94.7% vs. 83.2%). No differences were found with respect to cecal intubation time, aspirated volume, or length of the examination. Global and right colon average adenoma detection rates per colonoscopy were similar. Conclusions The liberal diet was non-inferior to the 1-day LRD, and increased tolerability. Colonoscopy performance and quality were not affected. (NCT05032794)
Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)E352-E360
PublicaciónEndoscopy International Open
EstadoPublicada - mar 2024


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