Relationship among densitometry, bone histomorphometry, and histologic stage in idiopathic myelofibrosis

L. Mellibovsky, M. L. Mariñoso, F. Cervantes, C. Besses, M. Nacher, X. Nogués, L. Florensa, A. Munné, A. Diez-Perez, S. Serrano

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Resumen

Idiopathic myelofibrosis (IMF) induces dramatic changes in bone. Bone remodeling and densitometric alterations in a series of nine patients with IMF and their relationship with the histologic stage of the disease were assessed. Patients were included at diagnosis and a bone marrow biopsy, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and transiliac bone biopsy for histomorphometric analysis were performed. Five cases were classified as IMF histologic stage 1, one as stage 2, and three as stage 3. Compared with 40 age- and sex-matched controls, the following histomorphometric parameters were significantly higher in our patients: bone volume (BV/TV), osteoblast surface (Ob.S/BS), eroded surface (ES/BS), osteoclast surface (Oc.S/BS), osteoclast number (N.Oc/TA), mineralizing surface (MS/BS), reversal period (Rv.P), and remodeling period (Rm.P). Mineral apposition rate (MAR) and erosion depth (E.Depth) were significantly decreased (P < 0.05 for all comparisons). Bone mineral density (BMD) measurements showed high values for patient age and sex both at femur neck (Z score range +0.19 to +7) and total femur (Z score range -0.09 to +6.48). When densitometric values were analyzed according to IMF histologic stage, patients in stages 1 and 2 had significantly lower BMD values than to those in stage 3 (P = 0.024). In conclusion, patients with IMF present a characteristic bone histomorphometric pattern with increased bone volume and bone cells but low apposition and decreased erosion depth, suggesting a positive balance in bone remodeling units. This balance would produce the increase in bone mass observed in this disease. Given the increase in BMD observed with more advanced stages of IMF, this noninvasive method could be useful tool for assessing IMF progression. © 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)330-335
PublicaciónBone
Volumen34
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 ene 2004

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