Physical exercise: Effects on cognitive function after traumatic brain injury

Margalida Coll Andreu*, Laura Amoros Aguilar, David Costa Miserachs, Mª Isabel Portell Cortes, Meritxell Torras Garcia

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Producción científica: Capítulo del libroCapítuloInvestigación

Resumen

Persistent cognitive dysfunction (long-term memory, working memory, executive function, attention, visuospatial function, etc.) is present in a substantial proportion of traumatic brain injury patients. Animal studies have demonstrated that aerobic physical exercise can reduce some of the cognitive deficits associated with brain damage (particularly hippocampal-dependent memory), although there are still multiple issues to be resolved with regard to the optimal parameters of this type of intervention. The neural mechanisms involved in the cognitive benefits of exercise are varied and include factors that generally relate to neuroprotection against secondary injury (reduced chronic neuroinflammation, reduced neuron and myelin loss, preserved integrity of brain vasculature, and cerebral blood flow, etc.), and to neurorepair (increased neuroplasticity and neurogenesis). Despite the encouraging results from animal research, there has only been limited success in translating these to the clinical setting. It is expected that further research on animals and humans will contribute to the designing of effective exercise interventions as part of comprehensive patient-rehabilitation strategies.
Idioma originalInglés
Título de la publicación alojadaNeuroscience of Traumatic Brain Injury. Volume 2. Cellular, Molecular, Physiological, and Behavioral Aspects of Traumatic Brain Injury
EditoresRajkumar Rajendram, Victor R. Preedy, Colin Martin
EditorialAcademic Press
Capítulo37
Páginas461-474
Número de páginas14
ISBN (versión impresa)9780323991971
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2022

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