Incidence of Myelotoxicity and Other Adverse Effects Related to Thiopurine Starting in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease : Retrospective Observational Study in a Third-Level Hospital

Gerard Grau, Eduard Brunet i Mas, Laura Patricia Llovet, Patricia Pedregal, Albert Villoria, Luigi Melcarne , Anna Puy, Belen Garcia-Sague, Luis Enrique Frisancho, María José Ramírez-Lázaro, Sergio Lario, Xavier Calvet Calvo

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Resumen

Background and objectives: Thiopurines are an effective treatment for the maintenance of remission in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). They can present adverse effects (AEs), with myelotoxicity being the most relevant. This study aims to determine the incidence of AEs related to the starting of thiopurines in our centre. Methodology: Retrospective study. The AEs in patients that were started on thiopurines between January 2016 and June 2020 were registered, with a two-year follow-up. The mean and standard deviation were used to describe the quantitative variables, and percentages and confidence intervals were used for the qualitative variables. The statistical significance was set at a p -value < 0.05. Results: 98 patients were included, with 64 AEs detected in 48 patients (49%). Most of the AEs appeared in the first 6 months. The most relevant were: 21 neutropenia (21.4%), 19 hypertransaminasemia (19.4%), 13 digestive intolerances (13.2%), 6 acute pancreatitis (6.12%), 3 phototoxicity (3%), and 2 unknown origin fevers (2%). In 29 patients (29.4%) the treatment had to be suspended due to AEs. In 11 cases (11.2%), azathioprine (AZA) was switched to 6-mercaptopurine (6 MP) as 5 showed tolerance and 6 patients needed suspension due to AEs. Eight patients required hospital admission, but none of them needed intensive care unit admission. There were no fatal adverse effects. Conclusions: Thiopurines are a safe drug with few AEs, especially after the first months of treatment. These results suggest that periodic analytic follow-up may not be necessary after the initial period of treatment.
Idioma originalInglés
PublicaciónJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volumen12
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2023

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