Genetic and Pharmacological Blockade of Sigma-1 Receptors Attenuates Inflammation-Associated Hypersensitivity during Acute Colitis in CD1 Mice

Sergio López-Estévez, Mònica Aguilera Pujabet, Georgia Gris, Beatriz de la Puente, Alicia Carceller, Vicente Martínez Perea

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Resumen

Sigma-1 receptors (σRs) are implicated in nociception, including pain sensitization, and inflammation. We assessed the role of σRs on acute colitis-associated hypersensitivity using both genetic (constitutive knockout) and pharmacological blockade of the receptor. Colitis was induced in CD1 wild-type (WT) and σR KO mice (exposure to dextran sodium sulfate, 3%). A von Frey test was used to assess referred mechanosensitivity (abdominal and plantar withdrawal responses). The effects of the selective σR antagonists BD1063 and E-52862 were also assessed in WT animals. The expression of immune and sensory-related markers (RT-qPCR, Western blot) was assessed in the colon and lumbosacral spinal cord. The genetic ablation or pharmacological blockade of σRs attenuated acute colonic inflammation in a similar manner. Mechanosensitivity was similar in WT and σR KO mice before colitis. In WT mice, but not in σR KO, colitis was associated with the development of referred mechanical hypersensitivity, manifested as a reduction in the withdrawal thresholds to mechanical probing (paw and abdominal wall). In WT mice, BD1063 and E-52862 blocked colitis-associated hypersensitivity. A genotype- and treatment-related differential regulation of sensory-related markers was detected locally (colon) and within the spinal cord. σRs are involved in the development of acute intestinal inflammation and its associated referred mechanical hypersensitivity. The selective modulation of sensory-related pathways within the colon and spinal cord might be part of the underlying mechanisms. These observations support the pharmacological use of σR antagonists for the treatment of intestinal inflammation-induced hypersensitivity.
Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo2758
PublicaciónBiomedicines
Volumen11
N.º10
DOI
EstadoPublicada - oct 2023

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