Effect of androgen deprivation therapy in the thyroid function test of patients with prostate cancer

Juan Morote, Salvador Esquena, Anna Orsola, Carlos Salvador, Enrique Trilla, Luis Cecchini, Jacques Planas, Roberto Catalán, Jaume Reventós, Carles Xavier Raventos Busquets

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Resumen

We have assessed the effect of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in the thyroid function test in prostate cancer patients. Serum levels of tri-iodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), free thyroxine (FT4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) were determined in a cross-sectional study that included 279 patients diagnosed with prostate cancer. A subset of 96 patients free of prostate-specific antigen relapse after radical prostatectomy became a control group and 183 patients under continuous ADT formed the study group. Sixty-four patients out of the study group were treated with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist and 119 with LHRH agonist plus bicalutamide. The average time of ADT was 42.5 months (3-218). Results were as follows. Mean T3 level was 122.7 ng/dl (72.6-213.0) in the control group and 123.8 ng/dl (64.4-228.2) in patients under ADT, p = 0.472. Mean T4 level was 7.66 (1.81-4.30) and 7.66 μg/dl (3.60-13.30), respectively, p = 0.884. Mean TSH level was 1.58 (0.44-11.70) and 1.81 mU/dl (0.15-6.58), respectively, p = 0.007. Mean FT4 level was 1.24 (0.80-1.90) and 1.18 ng/dl (0.80-1.90), respectively, p = 0.018. No statistically significant differences between the T3, T4, TSH and FT4 serum levels were detected according to the modality of ADT. The serum level of TSH was higher than 5 mU/l in six patients (2.1%); however, all cases had a normal FT4 serum level. This mild hypothyroidism was detected in two of the 96 patients of the control group (2.1%) and in four of the 183 under ADT (2.2%). Our data show that ADT seems to alter the thyroid function test. A statistically significant increase in TSH serum level and a decrease in FT4 serum level were detected in patients under ADT. However, only a mild hypothyroidism was detected in about 2% of the patients with prostate cancer, independently of ADT. © 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)863-866
PublicaciónAnti-Cancer Drugs
Volumen16
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 sept 2005

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