Dog bites as a zoonotic risk in Ecuador: Need for the implementation of a One Health approach

Manel López Béjar, Joselyn Lissett Calderón González, Silvia Poveda, Ariana León Sosa, Naomi Mora, Solón Alberto Orlando, Miguel Angel Garcia-Bereguiain

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2 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Rabies is a viral zoonotic disease that can infect all mammals and the main route of transmission to human is attributed to dog bites. Due to the limited information available about the rabies vaccination coverage, although Ecuador is supposed to be free of rabies, we conducted a retrospective study of the epidemiological surveillance records on the notification of dog attacks to humans in Guayaquil, the most populated city in Ecuador. The results showed an annual incidence rate of 105.6 dog bites per 100,000 inhabitants, where the most affected anatomical parts are the lower extremities; individuals from 1 to 14 years of age were the most affected age group (IC95% 1.42–1.92; p < 0.001). As for the severity of the wounds, most of them (65%) were mild. Moreover, 25% of the dogs were free roaming ones, and only 43% of the dogs with owner had a complete vaccination scheme against rabies virus. We found a important dog attack rate in Guayaquil city and more than half of the dogs involved were not vaccinated against rabies. Under a potential scenario of rabies circulation in canine population, there would be a serious risk for rabies transmission to humans. Hence, it is important to reinforce rabies surveillance and vaccination programs aligned to the One Health concept to manage this public health issue.
Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo100544
PublicaciónOne Health
Volumen16
DOI
EstadoPublicada - jun 2023

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