Circular Economy Principles in Urban Agri-Food Systems: Potentials and Implications for Environmental Sustainability

Martí Rufí-Salís, Susana Toboso-Chavero, Laura Talens Peiro, Anna Petit Boix, Gara Villalba, Cristina Madrid-Lopez, Xavier Gabarrell Durany*

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

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Resumen

Due to urban population growth during recent decades, the food supply chain has become one of the key material flows in the metabolism of cities. Urban agriculture (UA) can be an alternative for mitigating food supply impacts. UA can provide environmental benefits, but current concepts and strategies do not reflect its full potential. The circular economy (CE) can contribute to this goal. The promotion of CE principles in UA can help mitigate the environmental impact generated by these systems and move toward circular agriculture, which extends the life of critical resources consumed in urban areas. However, it is important to identify whether the application of CE strategies in UA systems entails burden-shifting processes. The aim of this chapter is to outline and analyze the environmental implications of applying CE strategies in UA, such as the use of struvite, compost, rainwater harvesting, or water and nutrient recirculation. We conclude that the application of CE strategies in UA systems should always include a parallel environmental assessment from a life cycle perspective to assess potential drawbacks and burden-shifting processes and to ensure that circular economy principles and sustainability goals are aligned.

Idioma originalInglés
Título de la publicación alojadaA Systemic Transition to Circular Economy. Business and Technology Perspectives
EditoresAldo Roberto Ometto, Joseph Sarkis, Steve Evans
EditorialSpringer, Cham
Páginas187-205
Número de páginas19
Volumen12
Edición1
ISBN (versión digital)978-3-031-55036-2
ISBN (versión impresa)978-3-031-55035-5
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2024

Serie de la publicación

NombreGreening of Industry Networks Studies
EditorialSpringer Cham
ISSN (versión impresa)2543-0246
ISSN (versión digital)2543-0254

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