Changes in the Mental Health of Children and Adolescents during the COVID-19 Lockdown : Associated Factors and Life Conditions

Rosa Bosch, Mireia Pagerols, Raquel Prat, Gemma Español-Martín, Cristina Rivas, Montserrat Dolz, Josep Maria Haro Abad, Josep Antoni Ramos-Quiroga, Marta Ribasés Haro, Miquel Casas Brugué

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21 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

This study investigated the psychological impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among youth by analyzing their emotional/behavioral problems before and during the long-lasting lockdown in Spain. For that purpose, 699 parents with children aged 6-17 and 552 adolescents aged 12-17, who completed the parent and adolescent version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire at the beginning of 2019, responded to a survey from 26 May to 15 June 2020 that assessed psychological well-being and life conditions during quarantine (i.e., sociodemographic characteristics, situation before the lockdown, physical environment and accompaniment during the lockdown, COVID-related variables). According to both parent- and self-reports, children and youth experienced a significant worsening in emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity/inattention, peer problems, and total difficulties subscales. Findings also suggested that impairment was mainly associated with variables related to the child's situation prior to home quarantine, the quality and quantity of the child's social networks during the lockdown, the daily routines the child followed, the concerns the child had about health, and the presence of economic and learning problems caused by the COVID-19. Thus, the present investigation emphasizes the need for carefully monitoring the mental health of younger people, provides guidance for the development of interventions that mitigate some of the psychological difficulties faced in a situation of confinement, and highlights the importance of paying special attention to high-risk groups
Idioma originalInglés
PublicaciónInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volumen19
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2022

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