Catatonia Related to Cannabis and Synthetic Cannabinoids: A Review

Raul Felipe Palma-Álvarez, Albert Soriano-Dia, Elena Ros-Cucurull, Constanza Daigre, Pedro Serrano-Pérez, Germán Ortega-Hernández, Marta Perea-Ortueta, David Gurrea Salas, Josep-Antoni Ramos-Quiroga, Lara Grau-López

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículoInvestigaciónrevisión exhaustiva

5 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Cannabis and synthetic cannabinoids (SC) are related to several neuropsychiatric symptoms and disorders, especially psychotic symptoms and disorders. Interestingly, catatonia-like symptoms associated with cannabis and SC have been generally neglected in research and scarcely described despite the clinical repercussions. Hence, this review aims to analyze current clinical publications on catatonia induced by cannabis or SC in a systematized way. Methods: A search using PRISMA guidelines was performed on three databases based on a specific inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: 11 publications describing 14 patients (10 males; mean age 22.50 ± 6.67 years old) with catatonia apparently precipitated by the use of cannabis (n = 6) or SC (n = 8) were found. Clinical features and treatment are described and discussed. Conclusion: From a clinical perspective, cannabis and SC use may be related to catatonia-like symptoms and catatonia syndrome in the same way these substances (cannabis and SC) are related to induced-psychotic episodes. However, further research will be required to understand the exact nature of that relationship. Additionally, investigations focused on the clinical significance (i.e., prognosis, evolution, and outcomes) of catatonia-like symptoms induced by cannabis and SC use in patients are also needed.
Idioma originalIndefinido/desconocido
Páginas (desde-hasta)159-171
Número de páginas13
PublicaciónJournal of Dual Diagnosis
Volumen17
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublicación electrónica previa a su impresión - 26 abr 2021

Palabras clave

  • Catatonia
  • Cannabis
  • Cannabis-induced disorder
  • Psychosis
  • Synthetic cannabinoids

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