Quinze anys de periodisme: les col·laboracions de J.V. Foix a La Publicitat (1922-1936)

Student thesis: Doctoral thesis

Abstract

In 1922, with the creation of Acció Catalana, the split in La Lliga Regionalista is pushed into effect. A group of businessmen linked to the new party buys La Publicitat and catalanises it in order to make it become their journalistic platform from 1st October in the same year. From that moment on, Foix participated in it actively, almost without obstacles, until the military rebellion in July 1936.
All through these fifteen years, which were so decisive for the history of Catalonia and in which so many significant events happened in the political field as well as in the artistic and literary ones, the journalistic pen of Foix is always ready to comment them for his daily readers, with the main intention of bringing the whole Catalan society to the European contemporary reality and encourage them in order that they could take part in it in a significant way.
It is difficult to gather all the articles by Foix because he used different pseudonymous or even some of them are often published without signing. However, the thesis presents a whole of about 1200 articles, which are listed in the attached document.
The diachronic analysis of such a vast, interesting period and of such a broad contribution cannot endeavour to come to deep conclusions on concrete aspects, which would be more suitable for specific monographs. Nevertheless, this approach allows us to see the importance of the journalistic dedication of Foix in his time and it also permits to observe his will to influence intellectually on the Catalan society and therefore to make it clear that the war and the post-war period involve a traumatic breaking for the political and literary ideas of Foix who, willingly of by force, will have to devote almost exclusively to his poetic aspect, which had been in the foreground during his journalistic dedication.
The study of these articles also allows us to notice the various periods of this journalistic contribution which is linked to the creation of various sections and pseudonymous (among which Focius is especially outstanding) that are adapting to the historical circumstances of each period.
This is why the thesis must be centred exclusively on the articles in La Publicitat and it tries to observe the contemporary reception that these articles might have had in order to express in concrete terms their incidence, which was grand despite the relative forgetfulness caused by the impossibility to continue during the post-war as the use of the Catalan language in the media was forbidden and J. V. Foix had stated his commitment to remaining absolutely loyal to Catalan language. Without coming to definitive conclusions, this chronological analysis permits to present a diaphanous view of the ideas of Foix in La Publicitat. Some interesting examples: the pacifist and pro-European statements are very distant to the fascist influences that have been attributed to Foix; the defence of the creative freedom of the artist is very critical to the proposals of the surrealism of André Breton, who someone wanted to relate to the poetical work by Foix, etc.
In short, the first texts in La premsa estrangera and in La premsa catalana, the most innovatory by Focius in Meridians or in Itineraris, Ramon N. Girald in Panorama Universal de les Lletres or the most political articles by J.V. Foix, all of them in a publication linked to the political ideas of Acció Catalana as the natural continuation of the ideals of Solidaritat Catalana of Prat de la Riba, offer to us an inexhaustible source of subjects which present Foix as a committed and participant intellectual, linked to the desire of placing the Catalan society in the role they had to play in the European political and cultural context. Obviously, the warlike situation of the Spanish war and, afterwards, of the Second World War will be an impassable obstacle, for the moment.
Date of Award3 May 2005
Original languageCatalan
SupervisorJosep Maria Balaguer Sancho (Director)

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