Los efectos del proceso penal Por delito contra la hacienda pública En los procedimientos tributarios de liquidación y recaudación

Student thesis: Doctoral thesis


This thesis systematically analyses the legal effect that criminal proceedings have on the administrative procedures to assess and collect tax when a criminal offence against the Treasury (delito contra la Hacienda Pública) has been committed. The matters raised are dealt with in five chapters. The first three, dedicated to the pre-trial phase, all relate to the criminal complaint made by the public authority. The next two, dedicated to the post-trial phase, refer to the enforcement of the criminal judgment. Chapter Onexamines the tax and procedural legislation that regulates the formal requirements to report a criminal offence of tax fraud when the facts seems to indicate that such an offence may have been committed. The administrative procedure followed to take the decision to file the complaint is analysed, as well as the investigations carried out by the tax authorities, the moment when the existence of evidence of a crime should be reported, the competent body to communicate the decisions to the judge or prosecutor, and the constitutional protection granted to the taxpayer who is accused of committing a crime against the Treasury. Chapter Two focuses on the analysis of the legal effects that the criminal proceedings have on the tax inspection and sanction proceedings. First, the legislation regulating the principle of non-duplication of penalties for tax offences is examined together with the procedural rules that establish that criminal proceedings take precedence over any ongoing administrative proceedings that could interfere with the criminal court’s activity. Secondly, the effects of preliminary issues of law on the tax proceedings and res judicata on the criminal proceedings are considered. Finally, I explore the possibilities that current legislation provides for replacing the current model, which suspends all other proceedings until the criminal proceedings have concluded, with a model that allows the administrative proceedings to run in parallel with the criminal prosecution, so allowing the Treasury to collect the tax owed sooner. Chapter Three is devoted entirely to the study of the voluntary “regularisation” of these criminal offences, with particular emphasis on how the taxpayer’s behaviour after the offence is committed influences the tax authorities and officials in their duty to report the offence. Chapter Four aims to develop the legislation on the administrative enforcement of criminal judgments finding a taxpayer guilty of an offence against the Treasury by analysing the procedural and tax legislation that regulates the process of passing on to the tax authorities the task of collecting the tax owed and enforcing the civil liability of the guilty taxpayer. Finally, Chapter Five looks at the issues that are posed by the process that must be followed to collect the damages that the taxpayer convicted of an offence against the Treasury must pay. We examine the various stages in the tax authorities’ debt collection procedure and how it can be adapted to the collection of these damages that, while related to taxable transactions, do not meet the criteria commonly applied when collecting tax debts because they derive from a court judgment.
Date of Award9 Nov 2012
Original languageSpanish
SupervisorManuel Jesus Cachon Cadenas (Director) & Montserrat Pereto Garcia (Director)

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