After defining internal migration, reviewing the main sources of data for study and identify the different measurement methods, we present an analysis of the evolution of the demographic and geographic patterns of internal migration of Latin Americans in Spain between 1998-2013, from Residential Variation Statistics, the Population Register, Active Population Survey and the Census of Population of 2001 and 2011 in Spain. In the first part of the study, we show the results from a descriptive demographic analysis that lets you see the changes in internal migration of Latin Americans in Spain in two types of flows (intra and inter) in intensity and timing, before and after the economic crisis. Secondly, we present a territorial analysis that explores the effect produced by the new economic context on geographic patterns and internal migration balances at the provincial level. Finally, in a third part empirically evaluates the variables of context and the individual, which determined that a Latin American decides to move from one province to other having as reference group for Spanish. These three analyzes allowed to establish the travel of internal migration and the intensity of the flows of Latin Americans in Spain from different approaches as well as the influence that the economic crisis on them. Consequently, the role of Latin American internal migration in Spain was growing and contributed to the overall increase in population mobility, creating a new internal migration pattern clearly defined by the economic situation that Spain suffered between 1998 and 2013, demarcated into three periods: "Arrival from abroad (1998 - 2002)"; "consolidation or immigration boom (2003- 2007)"; and the last period beginning in 2008 at the hands of the "economic crisis". They are defined migratory spaces and very localized provinces having high connectivity: Before the economic crisis are Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Alicante, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Islas Baleares, Sevilla; and after the crisis, Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Toledo, Guadalajara, Tarragona, Vizcaya, Álava, Guipúzcoa, La Rioja. Changes in the intensity of internal migration made by Latin Americans are higher than the intensity of the native population and tripling the number of moves made by Spanish. The results of the contextual analysis indicates that the most important factors in explaining the variation of migration flows are the distance in kilometers, the stock of residents in the province of destination and the percentage of population aged between 20-49 years. In the individual approach, the determinants were housing tenure and length of residence.
- Internal migration
- Latin America