This thesis focuses on the study of urban and economic transformation in Poblenou (Barcelona) as a result of the implementation in 2000 of the 22@Barcelona project. The research examines the strategy adopted by the Barcelona City Council approving a new urban planning ordinance aimed at transforming the old industrial area of Poblenou into a magnet for new activities. The thesis specifically explores the adaptability of the agents involved in the project in the period 2000-2013. The analysis of the productive area is based on the theoretical framework of the entrepreneurial city. The elements that structure the theoretical framework are the entrepreneurial spirit from the agents, the path dependency (economic, social and institutional), the role of the agents involved, and the dynamics of governance established between political agents, social and economic. The research methodology is divided into the literature review, descriptive statistics, qualitative fieldwork experience, case studies research (the 22@Barcelona project and Can Ricart complex), focused interviews and questionnaires. The research results provide interpretations of the impact of the project. First, the economic revitalization strategy promoted by the City Council is the engine of change in the productive area of Poblenou. Second, the transformation effects have a significant impact in shaping demographic, social and economic aspects. Finally, the characterization of the role and actions from different agents involved. The thesis identifies the process of urban transformation as a process of multiple governances, given by the complex interaction of different forces embedded in the path dependency of Poblenou and the ability to interact with agents from opposed interests. The analysis of the case studies enables to progress in the generation of some interpretative guidance and public policy related to urban and economic geography and public development strategies.
- Economic development
- Urban planing