This thesis analyzes the first period of the life of Josep Roca i Roca (Terrassa, 1848-Barcelona, 1924) affecting primarily the triple aspect of politician, journalist and writer. Roca, basically known as director of La Campana de Gràcia and L'Esquella de la Torratxa, was one of the important personalities of the Catalan republicanism at least between 1868 and the Tragic Week. Without being a foreground figure, he developed a continuous political activity, especially from the press. The work analyses the first thirty years of his life, given the complexity and density of its long trajectory, with the intention of completing the biography soon. In the Sexenni Democràtic, Roca joined Barcelona's benevolent federalism. He participated in the political dynamics of republicanism, particularly from newspapers that acted as spokesmen of benevolent federalism and, since October 1872, directing in solo La Campana de Gràcia. Roca was aligned with the policy pursued by the Directory of the PRFD and opposed insurrectional via, as well as intents of proclaiming the Catalan Estate once the Republic established and, in particular, to the Cantonalismo. The fall of the Federal Republic made change his political thought, moving gradually away from federalism. Fiercely opposed to the Carlistas, he kept the hope for the maintenance of the Republican regime whereas a monarchical restoration unworkable. After the pronunciamiento of Martínez Campos, Roca lined up with the position of Castelar and advocated political participation in that regime that left only a very close slit to the Republican opposition. Their participation in the organization of the possibilist party and in the elections of January 1876 was very important, since the structure of the Party (Committee), from La Campana and from the Gaceta de Barcelona. From the beginning he said his belief in propaganda homework, participation in the electoral game, and the configuration of a disciplined party that defend individual rights, and universal suffrage following a strategy that would lead, to the end, at the democracy crystallized in a Republic. Roca had an outstanding participation in the literary catalanism in two ways: his work of creative writing, especially as a poet and playwright, and his involvement in the organs of the catalan literary movement. Secretary of drafting Lo GaySaber, was thus developed a notable activity as an attachment in the Jocs Florals, and was one of the founders of the Jove Catalunya. He collaborated in The Renaxensa, developing especially detailed critiques of the Jocs Florals. And he took part in the disputes over the model that had to adopt the Catalan language. The years analyzed are also its journalistic professionalization and the work performs a tour through the newspapers in which he collaborated or directed, with special attention to La Razón and their followers, the Gaceta and La Campana de Gràcia. It should be ascribed Roca within the journalism of orientation. He dispoused a forum for broad dissemination (La Campana) directed especially to a popular and working class public, playing a role comparable to Mañé i Flaquer from the Diario de Barcelona in the bourgeois environment. In Roca coexisted, therefore, two literary records, one cult, of the poet awarded prizes in the Jocs Florals, and the popular journalist of La Campana . This is why Roca is one of the exponents of the interference between cultured and popular literature that occurred in that period of the Renaixença. The work attempts to provide information and elements of analysis which, through the study of the life and work of Roca, to deepen understanding of the dynamics of the Catalan republicanism of the 19th century, as well as journalism and literary catalanism of the period.
|Date of Award||21 Nov 2012|
|Supervisor||Pere Gabriel Sirvent (Director)|