Joan Ponç: Aproximació crítica al seu imaginari pictòric

Student thesis: Doctoral thesis

Abstract

The critical approach to the imagination and imaginary of Joan Ponç (1927-1984) has been carried out under two basic premises: the intrinsic interest of his creations and the possibility of deepening the knowledge from an artistic context representing the end of the Second World War and the havoc of the Civil War. The characteristics of his artistic language and his aesthetic attitude have been studied based on three different points of view: artistic historiography, the artist’s autobiography, and his work. The analysis carried out has enabled it to be placed in an artistic environment dominated by a refractory taste towards innovation and within the minority, which from the end of the 1940s, had a renewed interest in international avant-garde art. His filiation with more advanced art faded as Informalism gained popularity and Ponç opted to follow a system of work that distanced him from it. His loyalty to oil painting and drawing conditioned the subsequent interpretations of his work and meant that they were seen as outdated. The narrative built up by critics were enriched by the artist’s autobiography which was published for the first time in 1965, a self narrative in which Ponç articulated a parallel discourse on his life and artistic trajectory. He also made reference to the creators he considered his referrers: El Greco, Ramon Rogent, Joan Miró and Paul Cézanne. From the dialogue and comparison between this narrative and his work his creative mechanisms are understood and the characteristics of his artistic language are defined. His work brings to light his desire to transcend from the world of appearances and to carry out a formal experimentation that doesn’t pose any risk to painting. A creative path in which geometry progressively takes on greater importance and converges with an imaginary world that feeds off ancestral traditions. The union of seemingly contradictory elements such as the logic of geometry and fantasy are key in steering us towards a concept that allows us to define the complexity of his art without blurring it: the grotesque.
Date of Award16 Jul 2015
Original languageCatalan
SupervisorFelix Ibañez Fanes (Director) & Robert S Lubar (Director)

Keywords

  • Joan Ponç
  • Grotesque
  • Catalan painting

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