El arte como mecanismo formador para la integración y comprensión de la anatomía y fisiopatología de la piel en los estudios de enfermería. Validación de una propuesta didáctica

Student thesis: Doctoral thesis


University education aims to train future professionals who do their work with a high level of qualification. Knowledge of bioscience and creativity are an excellent preparation to offer quality nursing care and respond to a changing society, as both are very important in nursing studies. For some time the difficulties in the study of bioscience in nursing students have been addressed by University teaching staff. In this doctoral research, the teacher-researcher, in his or her daily work, is concerned about two subjects of bioscience: Integral module of care in the adult; MICIA, and structure and function of the human body; EFCH. Throughout the academic year, there is a gradual decrease in interest and attendance accompanied by low academic performance of students. Before implementing alternative methodologies, he or she researches using a case study of action-investigation to understand and interpret the difficulties and problems that students present; and, based on this, to promote those actions aimed at changing their practical reality. To deal with the aforementioned situation, the teacher designs and implements the Integrated Artistic Education Model in Bioscience, and as a researcher evaluates it. The model includes art as a training mechanism for the integration and understanding of the anatomy and physiopathology of the skin. The research consists of two stages: in the first stage, academic year 2014-2015, a preliminary exploratory intervention was carried out in the subject MICIA with a group of 133 students, with a collection of data of 11 participants through a focal group; and, in the second stage, in 2015-16, the implementation and systematic evaluation of the model was carried out, in a process of action-reflection about and in practice of two subjects. In MICIA, a group of 127 students took part, and in the EFCH subject 132 students; with a qualitative and quantitative data collection of learning, satisfaction and post-intervention creative thinking in the classroom. In conclusion, the applied model is a useful tool for the design of training programs in bioscience, since it is confirmed that art as a vehicle for anatomy, physiology, physiopathology and nursing care on the skin's agenda helps in the learning of students and favors divergent-proactive thinking.
Date of Award4 Dec 2018
Original languageSpanish
SupervisorJosé Tejada (Director) & Carmen Ruiz Bueno (Director)

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