ZERO: Probabilistic routing for deploy and forget wireless sensor networks

Xavier Vilajosana, Jordi Llosa, Jose Carlos Pacho, Ignasi Vilajosana, Angel A. Juan, Jose Lopez Vicario, Antoni Morell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


As Wireless Sensor Networks are being adopted by industry and agriculture for large-scale and unattended deployments, the need for reliable and energy conservative protocols become critical. Physical and Link layer efforts for energy conservation are not mostly considered by routing protocols that put their efforts on maintaining reliability and throughput. Gradient-based routing protocols route data through most reliable links aiming to ensure 99% packet delivery. However, they suffer from the so-called"hot spot" problem. Most reliable routes waste their energy fast, thus partitioning the network and reducing the area monitored. To cope with this"hot spot" problem we propose ZERO a combined approach at Network and Link layers to increase network lifespan while conserving reliability levels by means of probabilistic load balancing techniques. © 2010 by the authors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8920-8937
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2010


  • Agriculture and industry
  • Collection-tree-protocol
  • Energy efficiency
  • Gradient routing
  • Probabilistic routing
  • Wireless sensor networks

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