© 2018 International Association for Mathematics and Computers in Simulation (IMACS) Recently sixteen 3-dimensional differential systems exhibiting chaotic motion and having no equilibria have been studied, and it has been graphically observed that these systems have a period-doubling cascade of periodic orbits providing a route to chaos. Here using new results on the averaging theory we prove that these systems exhibit, for some values of their parameters different to the ones having chaotic motion, either a zero-Hopf or a Hopf bifurcation, and graphically we observed that the periodic orbit starting in those bifurcations is at the beginning of the mentioned period-doubling cascade.
- Averaging theory
- Periodic solutions
- Quadratic polynomial differential system
- Zero-Hopf bifurcation