The tree level potential for a scalar multiplet of 'Yukawa fields' Y for one type of quarks admits the promising vacuum configuration 〈Y〉 ∝ diag(0, 0, 1) that breaks spontaneously SU(3)L × SU(3)R flavour symmetry. We investigate whether the vanishing entries could be lifted to nonvanishing values by slightly perturbing the potential, thus providing a mechanism to generate the Yukawa hierarchies. For theories where at the lowest order the only massless states are Nambu-Goldstone bosons we find, as a general result, that the structure of the tree-level vacuum is perturbatively stable against corrections from scalar loops or higher dimensional operators. We discuss the reasons for this stability, and give an explicit illustration in the case of loop corrections by direct computation of the one-loop effective potential of Yukawa fields. Nevertheless, a hierarchical configuration 〈Y〉 ∝ diag(ε′, ε, 1) (with ε′, ε ≪ 1) can be generated by enlarging the scalar Yukawa sector. We present a simple model in which spontaneous breaking of the flavour symmetry can give rise to the fermion mass hierarchies. © 2013 SISSA.
|Journal||Journal of High Energy Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 23 Aug 2013|
- Beyond Standard Model
- Quark Masses and SM Parameters
- Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking