Young people’s leisure patterns: testing social age, social gender, and linguistic capital hypotheses

Jordi López-Sintas, Abaghan Ghahraman, Elena Pérez Rubiales

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


© 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. We analysed young people’s leisure activities in order to identify their leisure habitus, discover how they combined activities into leisure patterns, and examine how leisure patterns were socially structured. We argue that the effects of age, gender, and language on how young people’s leisure patterns are structured are mediated by social class. We found that leisure practices could be classified in terms of three habitus: the frequent leisure habitus, the cultural activity habitus, and the social vs. entertainment habitus. The different combinations of these three leisure habitus by young people resulted in four patterns which we refer to as social, omnivorous, entertainment, and religious leisure patterns. The association of leisure patterns with indicators of social position suggests that, as predicted by our theoretical framework, age, gender, and language effects are diminished once we take into account the mediating role of social class. Young people’s leisure practices are therefore socially differentiated, with young immigrants forming a vulnerable group that should be the particular focus of youth leisure policies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-199
JournalJournal of Youth Studies
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 7 Feb 2017


  • leisure patterns
  • sociology of leisure
  • vulnerable groups
  • Young people


Dive into the research topics of 'Young people’s leisure patterns: testing social age, social gender, and linguistic capital hypotheses'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this