Women and gambling disorder: Assessing dropouts and relapses in cognitive behavioral group therapy

Marta Baño, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Roser Granero, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Laura Moragas, Amparo del Pino-Gutierrez, Ester Codina, Elías Guillén-Guzmán, Susana Valero-Solís, Milagros Lizbeth Lara-Huallipe, Isabel Baenas, Bernat Mora-Maltas, Eduardo Valenciano-Mendoza, Neus Solé-Morata, Laura Gálvez-Solé, Vega González-Bueso, Juan José Santamaría, José M. Menchón, Susana Jiménez-Murcia*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Gender-specific literature focused on gambling disorder (GD) is scarce, and women with GD have been understudied. Therefore, the aim of this study was to estimate the short-term effectiveness in women with GD (n = 214) of a group standardized cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and to identify the most relevant predictors of the primary therapy outcomes (dropout and relapse). Methods: The manualized CBT consisted of 16 weekly outpatient group sessions. Women were provided with resources to obtain a better understanding of the GD, to improve self-control and to manage risk situations. Results: The dropout risk was higher for women with lower GD severity and higher psychopathological distress. Among other factors, lower education levels were a significant predictor of the relapse risk and and the frequency of relapses was higher for divorced women with a preference for non-strategic gambling and with substances consumption. Conclusions: Our findings evidence women-specific predictors of the primary therapy outcomes. The results highlight the need to design psychological interventions that address dropout and relapse risk factors in women.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107085
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021


  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy
  • Dropout
  • Gambling disorder
  • Relapse
  • Women


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