West Nile virus and other mosquito-borne viruses present in Eastern Europe

Sebastián Napp, Dusan Petrić, Núria Busquets

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

    23 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2018, © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Eastern Europe (EE) has been severely affected by mosquito-borne viruses (moboviruses). In this review, we summarize the epidemiology of moboviruses, with particular attention to West Nile virus (WNV). The study of WNV human cases in EE between 2010 and 2016, revealed that the epidemiology of WNV in EE is complex with the combination of introduction of different WNV strains from lineages 1 and 2, and the establishment of endemic cycles. We found a positive correlation between the risk of WNV re-emergence in an area and the number of human cases reported in the previous year. We also report the main ecological and biological characteristics of the key mosquito species vectors of moboviruses. Recent expansion of invasive mosquito species in EE, mainly Aedes albopictus but also Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus, may result in new scenarios with an increased risk of transmission of moboviruses. Main gaps of knowledge in relation to moboviruses and their vectors in EE are identified. Understanding the epidemiology of moboviruses in EE is essential for the improvement of their surveillance and the control of the diseases they cause.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)233-248
    JournalPathogens and Global Health
    Volume112
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 4 Jul 2018

    Keywords

    • Culex and Aedes mosquito
    • Eastern Europe
    • Mosquito-borne viruses
    • West Nile virus

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