© 2017 Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Obese women have lower pregnancy rates than normal-weight women undergoing assisted reproductive treatment. We conducted a pilot study to evaluate whether a 12-week diet and exercise intervention before an IVF cycle would influence pregnancy rates in obese women. Forty-one patients were enrolled in this study. They were randomly allocated to two groups: an intervention group (n = 21), who underwent an individualized diet and physical exercise programme supervised by a dietician, and a control group (n = 20), who started IVF with no previous intervention. The primary outcome was clinical pregnancy rate after a single treatment cycle. Mean weight loss in the study group after the intervention was 5.4 kg (range 1.1–14.6 kg). The study and control groups had similar total FSH consumption, number of oocytes and embryos obtained, and number and quality of embryos transferred. There was a non-significant trend towards a higher clinical pregnancy rate after fresh embryo transfer (66.7% versus 41.2%). The intervention group had a significantly higher cumulative live birth rate (61.9% versus 30%, P = 0.045) (odds ratio for intervention group, 3.8; 95% confidence interval, 1.03 to 13.9) The data suggest that weight loss resulted in a significantly increased cumulative live birth rate.
- physical exercise