We study the influence of vortex diffusion on the evolution of inhomogeneous quantized vortex tangles. A simple hydrodynamical model to describe inhomogeneous counterflow superfluid turbulence is used. As an illustration, we obtain solutions for these effects in radial counterflow of helium II between two concentric cylinders at different temperatures. The vortex diffusion from the inner hotter cylinder to the outer colder cylinder increases the vortex length density everywhere as compared with the non-diffusive situation. The possibility of hysteresis in the vortex line density under cyclical variations of the heat flow is explored. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
- Quantized vortices
- Quantum turbulence
- Vortex diffusion
Saluto, L., Jou, D., & Mongiovi, M. S. (2014). Vortex diffusion and vortex-line hysteresis in radial quantum turbulence. Physica B: Condensed Matter, 440, 99-103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physb.2014.01.041