Voluntary Exercise Promotes Beneficial Anti-aging Mechanisms in SAMP8 Female Brain

Sergi Bayod, Carolina Guzmán-Brambila, Sandra Sanchez-Roige, Jaume F. Lalanza, Perla Kaliman, Daniel Ortuño-Sahagun, Rosa M. Escorihuela, Mercè Pallàs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Regular physical exercise mediates health and longevity promotion involving Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1)-regulated pathways. The anti-aging activity of SIRT1 is achieved, at least in part, by means of fine-tuning the adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway by preventing the transition of an originally pro-survival program into a pro-aging mechanism. Additionally, SIRT1 promotes mitochondrial function and reduces the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) through regulating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α), the master controller of mitochondrial biogenesis. Here, by using senescence-accelerated mice prone 8 (SAMP8) as a model for aging, we determined the effect of wheel-running as a paradigm for long-term voluntary exercise on SIRT1-AMPK pathway and mitochondrial functionality measured by oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) complex content in the hippocampus and cortex. We found differential activation of SIRT1 in both tissues and hippocampal-specific activation of AMPK. These findings correlated well with significant changes in OXPHOS in the hippocampal, but not in the cerebral cortex, area. Collectively, the results revealed greater benefits of the exercise in the wheel-running intervention in a murine model of senescence, which was directly related with mitochondrial function and which was mediated through the modulation of SIRT1 and AMPK pathways.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525-532
JournalJournal of Molecular Neuroscience
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Aging
  • AMPK
  • Mitochondria
  • SAMP8
  • Senescence
  • Sirtuin 1
  • Voluntary exercise

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