Voltage-driven motion of nitrogen ions: a new paradigm for magneto-ionics

Julius de Rojas, Alberto Quintana, Aitor Lopeandía, Joaquín Salguero, Beatriz Muñiz, Fatima Ibrahim, Mairbek Chshiev, Aliona Nicolenco, Maciej O. Liedke, Maik Butterling, Andreas Wagner, Veronica Sireus, Llibertat Abad, Christopher J. Jensen, Kai Liu, Josep Nogués, José L. Costa-Krämer, Enric Menéndez*, Jordi Sort

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)


Magneto-ionics, understood as voltage-driven ion transport in magnetic materials, has largely relied on controlled migration of oxygen ions. Here, we demonstrate room-temperature voltage-driven nitrogen transport (i.e., nitrogen magneto-ionics) by electrolyte-gating of a CoN film. Nitrogen magneto-ionics in CoN is compared to oxygen magneto-ionics in Co3O4. Both materials are nanocrystalline (face-centered cubic structure) and show reversible voltage-driven ON-OFF ferromagnetism. In contrast to oxygen, nitrogen transport occurs uniformly creating a plane-wave-like migration front, without assistance of diffusion channels. Remarkably, nitrogen magneto-ionics requires lower threshold voltages and exhibits enhanced rates and cyclability. This is due to the lower activation energy for ion diffusion and the lower electronegativity of nitrogen compared to oxygen. These results may open new avenues in applications such as brain-inspired computing or iontronics in general.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number5871
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020


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