Volatile isoprenoid emissions from plastid to planet

Sandy P. Harrison, Catherine Morfopoulos, K. G.Srikanta Dani, I. Colin Prentice, Almut Arneth, Brian J. Atwell, Michael P. Barkley, Michelle R. Leishman, Francesco Loreto, Belinda E. Medlyn, Ülo Niinemets, Malcolm Possell, Josep Peñuelas, Ian J. Wright

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

    110 Citations (Scopus)


    Approximately 1-2% of net primary production by land plants is re-emitted to the atmosphere as isoprene and monoterpenes. These emissions play major roles in atmospheric chemistry and air pollution-climate interactions. Phenomenological models have been developed to predict their emission rates, but limited understanding of the function and regulation of these emissions has led to large uncertainties in model projections of air quality and greenhouse gas concentrations. We synthesize recent advances in diverse fields, from cell physiology to atmospheric remote sensing, and use this information to propose a simple conceptual model of volatile isoprenoid emission based on regulation of metabolism in the chloroplast. This may provide a robust foundation for scaling up emissions from the cellular to the global scale. © 2012 New Phytologist Trust.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)49-57
    JournalNew Phytologist
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013


    • Biochemical trade-offs
    • Biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs)
    • CO response 2
    • Drought response
    • Ecological strategies
    • Leaf economic traits
    • Mechanistic model
    • Vegetation emissions


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