Vitrification of immature and in vitro matured pig oocytes: Study of distribution of chromosomes, microtubules, and actin microfilaments

Claudia Rojas, María Jesús Palomo, José Luis Albarracín, Teresa Mogas

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131 Citations (Scopus)


Studies were conducted to compare viability of immature and mature porcine oocytes vitrified in ethylene glycol (EG) using open-pulled straws (OPS). Oocytes that had been allowed to mature for 12 h (germinal vesicle group; GV) and 40 h (metaphase II group; MII) were divided into three treatments: (1) control; (2) treated with cytochalasin B and exposed to EG; and (3) treated with cytochalasin B and vitrified by stepwise exposure to EG in OPS. After warming, a sample of oocytes was fixed and evaluated by specific fluorescent probes before visualization using confocal microscopy. The remaining oocytes were fertilized and cleavage rate was recorded. Exposure of GV oocytes to EG or vitrification had a dramatic effect on spindle and chromosome configurations and no cleavage was obtained after in vitro fertilization. When MII oocytes were exposed to EG or were vitrified, 18 and 11% of oocytes, respectively, maintained the spindle structure and either EG exposure or vitrification resulted in substantial disruption in microfilament organization. The cleavage rates of mature oocytes after being exposed to EG or after vitrification were similar (14 and 13%, respectively) but were significantly less than that of control oocytes (69%). These results indicate that porcine oocytes at different meiotic stages respond differently to cryopreservation and MII porcine oocytes had better resistance to cryopreservation than GV stage oocytes. © 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-220
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2004


  • Cleavage
  • Confocal
  • Cryopreservation
  • Cytoskeleton
  • Germinal vesicle
  • Metaphase
  • Open pulled straw
  • Porcine
  • Spindle


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