Dark energy of phantom or quintessence nature with an equation of state parameter w almost equal to -1 often leads the universe evolution to a finite-time future singularity. An elegant solution to this problem has been recently proposed under the form of the so-called little rip cosmology, which appears to be a realistic alternative to the ΛCDM model. A viscous little rip cosmology is here proposed. Whereas generically bulk viscosity tends to promote the big rip, we find that there are a number of situations where this is not the case and where the formalism nicely adjusts itself to the little rip scenario. We prove, in particular, that a viscous fluid (or, equivalently, one with an inhomogeneous [imperfect] equation of state) is perfectly able to produce a little rip cosmology as a purely viscosity effect. The possibility of its induction as a combined result of viscosity and a general (powerlike) equation of state is also investigated in detail. To finish, a physical, inertial force interpretation of the dissolution of bound structures in the little rip cosmology is presented. © 2011 American Physical Society.
|Journal||Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology|
|Publication status||Published - 4 Nov 2011|