Virtual Ontogeny of Cortical Growth Preceding Mental Illness

Yash Patel, Jean Shin, Christoph Abé, Ingrid Agartz, Clara Alloza, Dag Alnæs, Sonia Ambrogi, Linda A. Antonucci, Celso Arango, Volker Arolt, Guillaume Auzias, Rosa Ayesa-Arriola, Nerisa Banaj, Tobias Banaschewski, Cibele Bandeira, Zeynep Başgöze, Renata Basso Cupertino, Claiton H.D. Bau, Jochen Bauer, Sarah BaumeisterFabio Bernardoni, Alessandro Bertolino, Caterina del Mar Bonnin, Daniel Brandeis, Silvia Brem, Jason Bruggemann, Robin Bülow, Juan R. Bustillo, Sara Calderoni, Rosa Calvo, Erick J. Canales-Rodríguez, Dara M. Cannon, Susanna Carmona, Vaughan J. Carr, Stanley V. Catts, Sneha Chenji, Qian Hui Chew, David Coghill, Colm G. Connolly, Annette Conzelmann, Alexander R. Craven, Benedicto Crespo-Facorro, Kathryn Cullen, Andreas Dahl, Udo Dannlowski, Christopher G. Davey, Christine Deruelle, Covadonga M. Díaz-Caneja, Katharina Dohm, Stefan Ehrlich, Jeffery Epstein, Tracy Erwin-Grabner, Lisa T. Eyler, Jennifer Fedor, Jacqueline Fitzgerald, William Foran, Judith M. Ford, Lydia Fortea, Paola Fuentes-Claramonte, Janice Fullerton, Lisa Furlong, Louise Gallagher, Bingchen Gao, Si Gao, Jose M. Goikolea, Ian Gotlib, Roberto Goya-Maldonado, Hans J. Grabe, Melissa Green, Eugenio H. Grevet, Nynke A. Groenewold, Dominik Grotegerd, Oliver Gruber, Jan Haavik, Tim Hahn, Ben J. Harrison, Walter Heindel, Frans Henskens, Dirk J. Heslenfeld, Eva Hilland, Pieter J. Hoekstra, Sarah Hohmann, Nathalie Holz, Fleur M. Howells, Jonathan C. Ipser, Neda Jahanshad, Babette Jakobi, Andreas Jansen, Joost Janssen, Rune Jonassen, Anna Kaiser, Vasiliy Kaleda, James Karantonis, Joseph A. King, Tilo Kircher, Peter Kochunov, Sheri Michelle Koopowitz, Mikael Landén, Nils Inge Landrø, Stephen Lawrie, Irina Lebedeva, Beatriz Luna, Astri J. Lundervold, Frank P. MacMaster, Luigi A. Maglanoc, Daniel H. Mathalon, Colm McDonald, Andrew McIntosh, Susanne Meinert, Patricia T. Michie, Philip Mitchell, Ana Moreno-Alcázar, Bryan Mowry, Filippo Muratori, Leila Nabulsi, Igor Nenadić, Ruth O'Gorman Tuura, Jaap Oosterlaan, Bronwyn Overs, Christos Pantelis, Mara Parellada, Jose C. Pariente, Paul Pauli, Giulio Pergola, Francesco Maria Piarulli, Felipe Picon, Fabrizio Piras, Edith Pomarol-Clotet, Clara Pretus, Yann Quidé, Joaquim Radua, J. Antoni Ramos-Quiroga, Paul E. Rasser, Andreas Reif, Alessandra Retico, Gloria Roberts, Susan Rossell, Diego Luiz Rovaris, Katya Rubia, Matthew Sacchet, Josep Salavert, Raymond Salvador, Salvador Sarró, Akira Sawa, Ulrich Schall, Rodney Scott, Pierluigi Selvaggi, Tim Silk, Kang Sim, Antonin Skoch, Gianfranco Spalletta, Filip Spaniel, Dan J. Stein, Olaf Steinsträter, Aleks Stolicyn, Yoichiro Takayanagi, Leanne Tamm, Maria Tavares, Alexander Teumer, Katharina Thiel, Sophia I. Thomopoulos, David Tomecek, Alexander S. Tomyshev, Diana Tordesillas-Gutiérrez, Michela Tosetti, Anne Uhlmann, Tamsyn Van Rheenen, Javier Vazquez-Bourgón, Meike W. Vernooij, Eduard Vieta, Oscar Vilarroya, Cynthia Weickert, Thomas Weickert, Lars T. Westlye, Heather Whalley, David Willinger, Alexandra Winter, Katharina Wittfeld, Tony T. Yang, Yuliya Yoncheva, Jendé L. Zijlmans, Martine Hoogman, Barbara Franke, Daan van Rooij, Jan Buitelaar, Christopher R.K. Ching, Ole A. Andreassen, Elena Pozzi, Dick Veltman, Lianne Schmaal, Theo G.M. van Erp, Jessica Turner, F. Xavier Castellanos, Zdenka Pausova, Paul Thompson, Tomas Paus*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Morphology of the human cerebral cortex differs across psychiatric disorders, with neurobiology and developmental origins mostly undetermined. Deviations in the tangential growth of the cerebral cortex during pre/perinatal periods may be reflected in individual variations in cortical surface area later in life. Methods: Interregional profiles of group differences in surface area between cases and controls were generated using T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging from 27,359 individuals including those with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, schizophrenia, and high general psychopathology (through the Child Behavior Checklist). Similarity of interregional profiles of group differences in surface area and prenatal cell-specific gene expression was assessed. Results: Across the 11 cortical regions, group differences in cortical area for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, schizophrenia, and Child Behavior Checklist were dominant in multimodal association cortices. The same interregional profiles were also associated with interregional profiles of (prenatal) gene expression specific to proliferative cells, namely radial glia and intermediate progenitor cells (greater expression, larger difference), as well as differentiated cells, namely excitatory neurons and endothelial and mural cells (greater expression, smaller difference). Finally, these cell types were implicated in known pre/perinatal risk factors for psychosis. Genes coexpressed with radial glia were enriched with genes implicated in congenital abnormalities, birth weight, hypoxia, and starvation. Genes coexpressed with endothelial and mural genes were enriched with genes associated with maternal hypertension and preterm birth. Conclusions: Our findings support a neurodevelopmental model of vulnerability to mental illness whereby prenatal risk factors acting through cell-specific processes lead to deviations from typical brain development during pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBiological Psychiatry
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted in press - 2022

Keywords

  • Cortical growth
  • Cortical surface area
  • Mental illness
  • Neurodevelopment
  • Neurogenesis
  • Psychiatric disorders

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