Video-aided analysis of training in synchronized swimming: A multimodal work process

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This paper presents a theoretical and methodological discusssion on a visual etnography that took place in a sports training. We propose an integrated model of expert knowledge that explains the swimmers' and trainers decisión-making as part of the Spanish Olympic team. We Stara with an ethnographic data collection that integrates analogical observation, video observation and interviews-The use of analytical tools such as ELAN software puts forward the possibility of measuring social activity not only with statistical models, but also by formalizing the interaction and the production of knowledge. We provide a detailed work of transcription and sistematization of visual patterns. Moreover, we make explicit the arquitectonic principles of ELAN software that build our codification strategy, avoiding the reification of the training process in synchronized swimming. Our results show the rich explanatory power of this mixed research methodology in sport environments, until now dominated by Standard models of research that do not take into account the distributed nature of decision-making in sports.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-75
Issue number30
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Audiovisual etnography
  • Distributed cognition
  • ELAN
  • Natural store
  • Reification
  • Work process


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