Vasculogenesis and angiogenesis are involved in a coordinated program for the development of the mesonephric subcardinal venous plexus of quail embryo. Vasculogenesis occurs between days 3 and 4 of incubation, while angiogenesis takes place from day 5 to day 7. Examination of vascular corrosion casts and whole mounts, and tissue sections labelled with specific markers to hemangioblast lineage (QH1, LEP100 and AcPase activity), allowed us to distinguish six phases in the formation of subcardinal plexus. (1) Appearance of isolated angioblast-like cells where the subcardinal plexus will form. (2) Alignment of angioblast-like cells into cellular strands. (3) Formation of compact vascular cords by association of angioblast-like strands. (4) Polygonal interconnection of vascular cords to constitute the primary subcardinal plexus. In this stage, isolated angioblast-like cells were present inside inter-vascular spaces. (5) The splitting of primary inter-vascular spaces by angiogenic sprouts to form secondary subcardinal plexus (outward angiogenesis). Isolated angioblast-like cells were not present in this stage. (6) Expansion of the secondary subcardinal plexus by insertion of slender transcapillary tissue pillars (inward angiogenesis) and angiogenic sprouts. We also describe three morphogenetic gradients during the development of the subcardinal plexus: ventral-to-dorsal, cranial-to-caudal and lateral-to-medial.
|Journal||Anatomy and Embryology|
|Publication status||Published - 11 Mar 2002|
- Avian embryo
- Vessel neoformation