Vascular MMP-9/TIMP-2 and neuronal MMP-10 up-regulation in human brain after stroke: A combined laser microdissection and protein array study

Eloy Cuadrado, Anna Rosell, Anna Penalba, Mark Slevin, José Alvarez-Sabín, Arantxa Ortega-Aznar, Joan Montaner

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77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMPs) play an important role in brain injury after ischemic stroke. In the present study, we aimed to assess the global expression of MMP-Family proteins in the human brain after stroke by using a combination of Searchlight Protein Array and Laser Microdissection to determine their cellular origin. This study demonstrated that MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, MMP-8, MMP-9, MMP-10, MMP-13, and TIMP-1 were upregulated in the infarcted tissue compared to healthy control areas. Using laser microdissection we obtained specific neuronal and vascular populations from both infarcted and control areas. From these fractions, we showed that MMP-9 and TIMP-2 were highly produced in brain microvessels while MMP-10 was notably increased in neurons of the ischemic brain but not in healthy areas. These findings demonstrate a selective cell-dependent MMP secretion, opening the possibility of selectively targeting specific MMPs for neuroprotection or vasculoprotection following stroke. © 2009 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3191-3197
JournalJournal of Proteome Research
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2009

Keywords

  • Brain
  • Laser microdissection
  • Matrix metalloproteinases
  • Neurons
  • Protein array
  • Stroke
  • Vessels

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