Variation in pottery use across the Early Neolithic in the Barcelona plain

A. Breu*, A. Gómez-Bach, C. Heron, A. Rosell-Melé, M. Molist

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Differences in pottery technology and style between the Cardial and Epicardial periods have been used to study the social dynamics behind the spread of agriculture and pastoralism in the northwestern Mediterranean. This paper presents new data regarding pottery use from Early Neolithic settlements in the Barcelona plain in the sixth and fifth millennia cal BC. The recovery of organic residues from a set of 74 ceramic sherds provides the opportunity to detect changes in pottery use. The exclusive presence of non-ruminant adipose products in Cardial vessels and the sole identification of dairy products in Late Epicardial vessels are accompanied by the detection of high temperature biomarkers only in the latter period. These results suggest that, at least on a local scale, the two pottery types may have been used differently in activities transforming terrestrial animal products.

Original languageEnglish
Article number53
JournalArchaeological and Anthropological Sciences
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021


  • Barcelona plain
  • Cardial
  • Early Neolithic
  • Epicardial
  • Organic residue analysis


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