We report a Spanish family with muscle glycogen phosphorylase (PYGM) deficiency (McArdle's disease) harbouring a novel compound genotype (A659D/L586P). Four individuals who had the same genotype for PYGM, showed a wide variability in the presentation of the clinical phenotype, including one patient with a restrictive respiratory pattern, which is unusual in McArdle's disease. Moreover, these patients were studied for the insertion/deletion (I/D) trait in the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) which has been suggested to be a strong modulator of severity in McArdle's disease. Our results indicate no association of the I/D ACE trait in this family, suggesting that other factors would be more relevant in determining the severity of the clinical presentation. © 2005 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
- ACE genotype
- McArdle's disease
- Metabolic myopathy
- Muscle glycogen phosphorylase deficiency
- Phenotype modulators