Background: It has been reported that the circulating level of the soluble urokinase receptor (suPAR) could be useful for distinguishing idiopathic from secondary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, but the results published are conflicting. In this study, we analyse the intraindividual variability and clinical and anatomopathological variables associated with the suPAR levels and if circulating suPAR levels allow the different forms of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) to be distinguished, i.e., idiopathic forms from secondary FSGS, regardless of the presence of nephrotic syndrome and the activity phase. Method: We studied 35 patients affected by idiopathic FSGS and 48 with secondary FSGS (83 in total). We carried out measurements of circulating suPAR at the time of diagnosis and/or after remission and we analysed correlations between suPAR levels and demographic, clinical and biochemical variables. The ability of suPAR to distinguish between both forms of FSGS was analysed by ROC curves and logistic regression analysis. Results: In both forms of FSGS, suPAR levels were independent of proteinuria and the histopathological subtype of FSGS and they were significantly associated with age and renal function. After adjusting for both variables, suPAR levels were significantly higher in patients with idiopathic FSGS, both in the nephrotic syndrome phase and in partial or complete remission. The most sensitive suPAR level (80%) and the most specific (73%) for discriminating between idiopathic and secondary forms was 3443.6pg/ml (area below curve [ABC] 0.78±0.083, P<.001). In the logistic regression analysis, after adjusting for age, renal function and presence of nephrotic syndrome, suPAR levels were independently associated with the diagnosis of idiopathic FSGS, but the model was poorly adjusted for low risk categories in which it tended to classify primary forms as secondary forms (ξ2=11.2 P=.027). Conclusions: SuPAR levels lack sensitivity for differentiating between idiopathic and secondary FSGS. However, suPAR values greater than 4000ng/ml are highly specific to primary FSGS, and as such, with a morphological FSGS pattern associated with non-nephrotic proteinuria, they would indicate a low probability of secondary FSGS. © 2014 Revista Nefrología. órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nefrología.
|Published - 27 Feb 2014
- Glomerulosclerosis segmentary and focal
- Nephrotic syndrome