Valorisation of forestry waste by pyrolysis in an auger reactor

Neus Puy, Ramón Murillo, María V. Navarro, José M. López, Joan Rieradevall, G. Fowler, Ignacio Aranguren, Tomás García, Jordi Bartrolí, Ana M. Mastral

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Abstract

Pyrolysis of forestry waste has been carried out in an auger reactor to study the influence of operational variables on the reactor performance and the properties of the related products. Pine woodchips were used for the first time as raw material and fed continuously into the reactor. Ten experiments were carried out under inert atmosphere at: (i) different reaction temperature (1073, 973, 873, 823 and 773. K); (ii) different solid residence time (5, 3, 2 and 1.5. min); and (iii) different biomass flow rate (3.9, 4.8 and 6.9. kg/h). Results show that the greatest yields for liquid production (59%) and optimum product characterisation were obtained at the lowest temperature studied (773. K) and applying solid residence times longer than 2. min. Regarding bio-oil properties, GC/MS qualitative identification show that the most abundant compounds are volatile polar compounds, phenols and benzenediols; and very few differences can be observed among the samples regardless of the pyrolysis operating conditions. On the whole, experimental results demonstrate that complete reaction of forest woodchips can be achieved in an auger reactor in most of the experimental conditions tested. Moreover, this study presents the initial steps for the future scaling up of the auger reactor with the aim of converting it into a mobile plant which will be able to remotely process biomass such as energy crops, forestry and agricultural wastes to obtain bio-oil that, in turn, can be used as energy vector to avoid high transport costs. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1339-1349
JournalWaste Management
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2011

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    Puy, N., Murillo, R., Navarro, M. V., López, J. M., Rieradevall, J., Fowler, G., Aranguren, I., García, T., Bartrolí, J., & Mastral, A. M. (2011). Valorisation of forestry waste by pyrolysis in an auger reactor. Waste Management, 31(6), 1339-1349. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2011.01.020