Valorisation of biowaste digestate through solid state fermentation to produce biopesticides from Bacillus thuringiensis

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Abstract

© 2019 Elsevier Ltd The main goal of this work is the production of a biopesticide through solid-state fermentation of biowaste digestate inoculated with Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) at pilot scale using different configurations of reactors. Fermentations were carried out using insulated and non-insulated, stirred and non-stirred reactors at different scales (10, 22 and 100 L) in order to assess the influence of the reactor configuration on the biopesticide production process. A maximum temperature of 60 °C was reached in 10-L insulated non-stirred reactors where increments of Bt viable cells and spores with respect to initial values of 1.9 and 171.6 respectively, were attained. In contrast, when temperature was regulated by using 22-L non-insulated stirred reactors the increment of viable cells and spores were 0.8 and 1.9, respectively, at a stable temperature of 27 °C. When the non-insulated stirred reactor was scaled up to 100-L, the increase of viable cells and spore counts were 1.2 and 3.8 respectively, with an average temperature of 28 °C. These results demonstrated that the election of a proper reactor configuration is important when considering the development of a new SSF process, especially when dealing with non-conventional substrates as digestate.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-71
Number of pages9
JournalWaste Management
Volume93
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Bacillus thuringiensis
  • Biopesticides
  • Digestate
  • Pilot scale
  • Solid-state fermentation
  • Biological Control Agents
  • Fermentation
  • VALORIZATION
  • SAFETY
  • SUGARCANE BAGASSE
  • ADDED AROMA COMPOUNDS
  • FIBER
  • WASTE
  • COMPOST
  • OPTIMIZATION
  • SCALE
  • RESPIRATION ACTIVITY

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