Vaccination of pigs reduces Torque teno sus virus viremia during natural infection

Alexandra Jiménez-Melsió, Fernando Rodriguez, Ayub Darji, Joaquim Segalés, Vivian Cornelissen-Keijsers, Erwin van den Born, Tuija Kekarainen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Anelloviruses are a group of single-stranded circular DNA viruses infecting several vertebrate species. Four species have been found to infect swine, namely Torque teno sus virus (TTSuV) 1a and 1b (TTSuV1a, TTSuV1b; genus Iotatorquevirus), TTSuVk2a and TTSuVk2b (genus Kappatorquevirus). TTSuV infection in pigs is distributed worldwide, and is characterized by a persistent viremia. However, the real impact, if any, on the pig health is still under debate. In the present study, the impact of pig immunization on TTSuVk2a loads was evaluated. For this, three-week old conventional pigs were primed with DNA vaccines encoding the ORF2 gene and the ORF1-A, ORF1-B, and ORF1-C splicing variants and boosted with purified ORF1-A and ORF2 Escherichia coli proteins, while another group served as unvaccinated control animals, and the viral load dynamics during natural infection was observed. Immunization led to delayed onset of TTSuVk2a infection and at the end of the study when the animals were 15 weeks of age, a number of animals in the immunized group had cleared the TTSuVk2a viremia, which was not the case in the control group. This study demonstrated for the first time that TTSuV viremia can be controlled by a combined DNA and protein immunization, especially apparent two weeks after the first DNA immunization before seroconversion was observed. Further studies are needed to understand the mechanisms behind this and its impact for pig producers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3497-3503
Issue number30
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Anelloviridae
  • Pigs
  • Seroconversion
  • Torque teno virus
  • Vaccination
  • Viremia


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