© 2016 American Institute of Chemical Engineers In this study the possibility of using discard bovine bone as support for immobilization of Rhizopus oryzae lipase expressed in Pichia pastoris was analyzed. Discard bovine bone were milled and then subjected to a chemical treatment with acetone in order to remove lipids and blood traces. Two types of supports were evaluated: bovine bone and calcined bovine bone for 2 h at 600°C. Supports were characterized by: ICP, SEM, XRD, FTIR, XPS, and N2 adsorption isotherms. Calcined bovine bone presented appropriate characteristics for the lipase immobilization due to the removal of collagen: high porosity, large surface area and suitable porous structure. Biocatalysts were prepared with different initial enzyme load. For the equilibrium adsorption studies, the Langmuir isotherm was used to fit the data results. The immobilization occurs in monolayer to a value of 35 UA mg−1. The activities of biocatalysts were tested in transesterification reaction of olive oil. For the enzyme load used in the test, a final yield percentage of 49.6 was achieved after six methanol additions and 180 min of reaction, similar values were obtained using Relizyme as support. Therefore, the bovine bone discard is an economical and appropriate choice for use support immobilization of enzymes. © 2016 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Biotechnol. Prog., 32:1246–1253, 2016.
- bovine bone
- lipase immobilization