© 2018 Elsevier España, S.L.U. Introduction: Upper gastroscopy in patients with cirrhosis often reveals non-specific lesions, which are usually oriented as portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG). However, the diagnosis of PHG can be difficult, both from an endoscopic and histological point of view. The study of CD34 expression, which enhances the endothelial cells of the microvasculature, could help the differential diagnosis. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the correlation between endoscopy and histology in the diagnosis of PHG and to assess the utility of CD34 in the diagnosis of PHG. Material and methods: The results of immunostaining with CD34 gastric fundus biopsies from 100 cirrhotic patients and 20 controls were compared with the endoscopic images. Results: The correlation between the histology and the endoscopic diagnosis of PHG was very low (kappa = 0.15). In addition, the measurement of the diameter of the gastric vessels enhanced by the use of immunohistochemical staining (CD34) did not show good correlation with the endoscopic diagnosis (p = .26) and did not provide relevant information for the histological diagnosis of PHG either. Discussion: The correlation between histology and endoscopy is low for the diagnosis of PHG. The use of immunostaining for CD34 does not seem to improve the diagnostic yield of the histological study.