Usefulness of the exhaled breath temperature plateau in asthma patients

Astrid Crespo Lessmann, Jordi Giner, Alfons Torrego, Eder Mateus, Montserrat Torrejón, Alicia Belda, Vicente Plaza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel. Background: Exhaled breath temperature (EBT) has recently been proposed as a noninvasive marker of bronchial inflammation in patients with asthma. However, the usefulness of EBT in everyday clinical practice is not well established. Results to date are contradictory and are mainly derived from small, pediatric populations. A comparison of results is further complicated by the use of different equipment and measurements. Objective: We performed a comprehensive study to determine whether EBT is related to asthma control, disease severity, bronchial obstruction, or bronchial inflammation. Methods: Sixty-nine patients on maintenance treatment for asthma were included in a cross-sectional study. At the same visit, we measured the EBT plateau (EBTp) using an X-halo Breath Thermometer (Delmedica, Singapore), the fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (Fe<smlcap>NO</smlcap>), spirometry, and inflammatory cell count in induced sputum, and we administered the Asthma Control Test questionnaire. Results: No significant differences were found between EBTp measurements and the level of asthma control, disease severity, bronchial obstruction, Fe<smlcap>NO</smlcap> levels, or inflammatory asthma phenotypes. We found a significant difference between EBTp and gender. The EBTp was 34.07°C (SD 0.74) in women and 34.38°C (0.46) in men (p = 0.038). We also found a significant correlation between EBTp measurements and the induced sputum eosinophil count (R = -0.348, p = 0.003). Conclusions: The results of this study do not support the usefulness of the EBTp in asthma management in routine clinical practice. Further research using standardized methods is needed to determine the potential use of the EBTp measurement in asthma management.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-117
JournalRespiration
Volume90
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Exhaled breath temperature
  • Inflammation

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