Aims To assess the usefulness of three-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiography (3D-TOE) vs. two-dimensional (2D)-TOE in the evaluation of morphological and dynamic findings of aortic dissection, and compare the results with those obtained by multi-slice computed tomography (CT). Methods and results Twenty-six patients (21 men and 5 women, median age: 67 years, range: 28-74 years) diagnosed of chronic aortic dissection with patent false lumen were studied. A comprehensive 2D-TOE and a real-time 3D-TOE study targeted at assessing dissection variables were performed and compared with CT within 3 months. Both 3D-TOE and 2D-TOE visualized the intimal flap extension and presence of flow in aortic dissection lumina in the same aortic segments. Three-dimensional TOE correctly identified true lumen in all cases, being superior to 2D-TOE in three cases with a spiroidal course of the dissection in descending aorta. Maximum entry tear diameter measured by 3D-TOE showed a better correlation with CT than 2D-TOE (0.96 and 0.87, P< 0.001, respectively). Compared with CT, 2D-TOE underestimated maximum entry tear diameter (-1.75 ± 3.28 mm, P< 0.01) but 3D-TOE did not (-0.20 ± 1.92 mm, P: n.s.). However, entry tear area measured by 3D-TOE and CT showed the best correlation (r: 0.97) and agreement (0.05 ± 0.20 cm2, P: n.s.). Conclusion Three-dimensional TOE provides additional information to 2D-TOE in aortic dissection assessment, particularly in entry tear size quantification. Agreement between entry tear area defined by 3D-TOE and CT was excellent. Three-dimensional TOE permits better morphological and dynamic understanding of aortic dissection when the flap is spiroidal. © 2011 The Author.
- Aortic dissection
- Three-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiography