In this work it is studied the relationship between metacognition and the efficacy of different hints while solving an insight problem. Participants attempted to solve the three bulbs problem either without any hint or after receiving hints with different levels of abstraction, and answered the O'Neil & Abedi's (1996) self-report inventory about metacognitive strategies. Surprisingly, the different hints did not improve performance, compared to the no-hint condition. Nevertheless, a significant interaction between type of hint and level in metacognition was revealed by additional analyses. Only a few participants (less than 30%) solved the problem when the hint was very abstract or no hint was presented, regard- less of their metacognitive level. However, the participants who scored higher on metacognition performed better when more direct hints, referring to a key concept to solve the problem, were presented. Hence, these results suggest that metacognitive strategies play a significant role on recognizing the relevance of specific information to problem solving. © 2008: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Murcia.
|Journal||Anales de Psicología|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2008|
- Problem solving