Objectives: to study the balance and the gait by the Performance Oriented Mobility Assessment (POMA) in the population of people ≥ 65 years in function of age, gender; relation with the capacity to develop the activities of daily living, physical exercise, perception of health and previous falls. Material and methods: We study a cohort of 443 people, 262 women and 181 men, representative of the population ≥ 65 years, resident in the community and able to walk from the city of Mataró. The evaluation was made with the 22 items POMA. Basic and instrumental activities of the daily life (Katz Index and Lawton), physical activity, health perception (Iowa test) were alsossessed. Results: 29.3% of subjects did not present abnormalities in any of the items, 22.6% presented one abnormality, 12.4% two, and 35.7% three or more. 35.9% and 50.2 of subjects did not present abnormalities in the static and dynamic components respectively. Women had greater number of abnormalities than men (42.0% vs 20.6%) for the global and also for each of the two components (static and dynamic) (p < 0.0001). The number of abnormalities increased significantly with age, specially on those 75 years and older (p < 0.0001). A greater number of errors was correlated with less independence on the basic and instrumental activities of daily living, with less physical activity, health perception and with antecedents of previous falls.
- Geriatric Assessment
- Tinetti test