Use of the dinoflagellate Karlodinium veneficum as a sustainable source of biodiesel production

Claudio Fuentes-Grünewald, Esther Garcés, Sergio Rossi, Jordi Camp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microalgae are microscopic heterotrophic-autotrophic photosynthesizing organisms with enormous potential as a source of biofuel. Dinoflagellates, a class of microalgae, contain large amounts of high-quality lipids, the principal component of fatty acid methyl esters. The biotic characteristics of the dinoflagellate species Karlodinium veneficum include a growth rate of 0.14 day-1, a wet biomass of 16.4 g/L, a growth period of approximately 30 days, and an approximate 97% increase in fatty acid content during the transition from exponential phase to stationary phase. These parameters make K. veneficum a suitable choice as a bioresource for biodiesel production. Similarly, two other species were also determined to be appropriate for biodiesel production: the Dinophyceae Alexandrium andersoni and the Raphidophyte Heterosigma akashiwo. © 2009 Society for Industrial Microbiology.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1215-1224
JournalJournal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume36
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2009

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • Dinoflagellates
  • Karlodinium veneficum
  • Lipids
  • Microalgae

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